So what is a 'state' and how is a 'state' formed? Anthropologists define a state as people occupying a territory bound by an organized institution. A State is formed through the development of a centralized government where there once was no centralized government. What distinguishes states from tribes is the administration of government through centralized institutions.
"According to Painter & Jeffrey, there are 5 distinctive features of modern states: 1) they are ordered by precise boundaries with administrative control across the whole; 2) they occupy large territories with control given to organized institutions; 3) they have a capital city and are endowed with symbols that embody state power; 4) they create organizations to monitor, govern and control its population through surveillance and record keeping; 5) they increase monitoring over time." Wikipedia.
Check out the following links:
Reign of Earth
Natural Law America
—Cindy Kay Currier